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2020八年级下册英语知识点

2020-05-08 19:25:01初二访问手机版479

  【导语】知识可以产生力量,但成就能放出光彩;有人去体会知识的力量,但更多的人只去观赏成就的光彩。以下是免费为您整理的2018八年级下册英语知识点,供大家学习参考。

  Unit 1 What’s thematter?
  一、重点短语
  1. have a fever 发烧
  2. have a cough 咳嗽
  3. have a toothache 牙疼
  4. talk too much 说得太多
  5. drink enough water 喝足够的水
  6. have a cold 受凉;感冒
  7. have a stomachache 胃疼
  8. have a sore back 背疼
  9. have a sore throat 喉咙痛
  10.lie down and rest 躺下来休息
  11. hot tea w ith honey 加蜂蜜的热茶
  12.see a dentist 看牙医
  13. get an X-ray 拍X 光片
  14. take one’ s temperature 量体温
  15. put some medicine on sth. 在……上面敷药
  16. feel very hot 感到很热
  17. sound like 听起来像
  18. allweekend 整个周末
  19. in the same way 以同样的方式
  20. goto a doctor 看医生
  21. go along 沿着……走
  22. on the side of the road 在马路边
  23. shoutfor help 大声呼救
  24. without th inking twice 没有多想
  25. get off 下车
  26. have aheart problem 有心脏病
  27. to one’ s surprise 使....... [京讶的
  28. thanks to 多亏了;由于
  29. in time 及时
  30. save a life 挽救生命
  31. get into trouble 造成麻烦
  32.right away 立刻;马上
  33. because of 由于
  34. get out of 离开;从……出萍
  35. hurt oneself 受伤
  36.put a bandage on sth. 用绷带包扎
  37. fa ll down 摔倒
  38. feel sick 感到恶心
  39. have a nosebleed 流鼻血
  40. cut his knee 割伤他的膝盖
  41.put her head back 把她的头向后仰
  42. have problems breathing 呼吸困难
  43. mountain climbing 登山运动
  44. be used to doing sth. 习惯做某事
  45. run out of 用完;用尽
  46. so that 以便
  47.so. . . that 如此… …以至于…
  48. be in control of 掌管;管理
  49. in a difficult situation 在闲境屮
  50. keep on doing sth. 继续或坚持做某事
  51. make a decision 做出决定
  52.take risks 冒险
  53. give up 放弃
  二、重点句型
  1. What’ s the matter? What’ s the matter withyou?=What’s the trouble with you?
  = What’ s wrong with you?你怎么了?
  2. What should she do?她该怎么办呢?
  Should I take my temperature?我应该量一*温吗?
  主语+ should/shouldn’t+ 动词原形. ..
  ①You should lie down and rest.你应该躺下休息一会儿。
  ②You shouldn’ t go out at night.你晚上不应该出去。
  3. Do you think it comes from a newspaper or a book?你认为它是来自报纸还是书
  4. I think I sat in the same way for too long withoutmoving.
  我想我以同样的姿势一动不动地坐得太久了。
  5. She said that the man had a heart problem andshouldgoto the hospital
  Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.
  一、重点短语
  1. Clean-Up Day 清洁日
  2. anold people’s home 养老院
  3. help out with sth. 帮助解决困难
  4. used to 曾经… 过去_
  5. care for 关心;照顾
  6. the look of joy 快乐的表情
  7. atthe age of 在......岁时
  8.clean up 打扫或清除干净
  9. cheer up 使变得更高兴;振雀
  10. give out 分发;散发
  11. come up with 想出;提出
  12.make a plan 制订计划
  13. make some notices 做些公告牌
  14.try out 试用;试行
  15. work for 为…工作;为…. 效力
  16. put up 建造;举起;张贴
  17. hand out 分发;散发;发给
  18. call up 打电话;召集
  19. put off 推迟;延迟
  20. for example 比如;例如
  21. raise money 筹钱;募捐
  22. take after 与......相像;像
  23. give away 赠送;捐赠
  24. fix up 修理;修补;解决
  25. be similar to 与……相似
  26. set up 建立;设立
  27. disabled people 残疾人
  28. make a difference 影响;有作用
  29. be able to 能够
  30. after-school reading program课外阅读项目
  二、重点句型
  1. The boy could give out food at the food bank.这个男孩可以在食品救济站分发食物。
  2. Clean-Up Day is only two weeks from now.清洁日离现在仅仅两周的时间。
  3. He volunteers at an animal hospital every Saturdaymorning.
  每周六上午,他都在一'家动物医院当志愿者。
  4. Last year, she decided to try out for a volunteerafter-schoolreading program.
  去年,她决定去参加一个课外阅读项目的志愿者的选拔。
  5. . . . you can see in the ir eyes that they’ regoing on
  a different journey with each new book.
  ……从他们的眼睛里你可以看到他们正在进行每本不同的新书之旅。
  6. I want to put off my plan to work in an animalhospitaluntil next summer.
  我想把我在动物医院工作的计划推迟到明年夏天。
  7. Most people today are only worried about gettinggoodjobs to make lots of money.
  现在的大部分人只是为找一份能挣许多钱的好工作而着急。
  8. You helped to make it possible for me to have Lucky.
  在你的帮助下,我才有可能拥有“幸运儿”。
  Unit 3 Could you please clean your room?rankymana
  一、重点短语
  go out for dinner 出去吃饭stayoutlate 在外面待到很晚go to the movies 去看*get a ride 搭车work on 从事finish doing sth. 完成做某事clean and tid y 干净整洁do the dishes 洗餐具take out therubbish 倒垃圾fold your/the clothes 叠衣服sweep the floor 扫地make your/thebed 整理床铺clean the livng room 打扫客厅no problem 没问题welcome sb. 欢迎某人come home fro m school/ work放学/下班回家throw down 扔下sitdown 坐下come over 过来takesb. for a walk 带某人去散步all the time 一直;总是all day/evening 整曰/夜do housew ork 做家务
  shout back 大声回应walkaway 走开.share the housework 分担家务
  a com fortable home 一个舒适的家insurprise 惊讶地get som ething to drin k 拿点喝的东西watch one show 观看一个节目hang out 闲逛pass sb. sth. 把某物传给某人lend sb. sth. 把某物借给某人get sth. wet 使某物弄湿hate to dosth. 讨厌做某事do chores 做杂务help sb. to d o /with sth•帮助某人干某事bring a tent带顶帐篷来buy some snacks买些小吃go to the store去商店invite sb. to a party邀请某人参加聚会make sb. do sth. 使某人做某事enough stress足够的压力awaste of tim e浪费时间in order to为了get good grades取得好成绩mind doing sth. 介意做某事
  depend on依赖;依靠develop childre n ’ sindependence发展孩子的独立性
  look after/take care of 照顾;照看doone’ s part in doin g sth.做某人分内的事
  二、重点句型
  1. Could you please…..do sth. ?Could you please cleanyourroom?
  你能整理一下你的房间吗?
  2. I have to do some work.我必须干些活。
  3. Could I+ do sth. ?Could I use your computer?我可以用一下你的电脑吗?
  4. She won’ t be happy if she sees th is mess.
  如果她看到这样乱七八糟的话,她会不高兴的。
  5. For one week, she did not do any houseworkandneitherdid I.
  整整一周,她什么家务活都不干了,我也一样。
  6. My mom came over as soon as I sat down in front oftheT V .
  我一在电视机前坐下,我妈妈就过来了。
  7. hate + to do/ doing sth. I hate to dochores.我讨厌做杂务。
  Unit 4 Why don’t you talk to your parents?
  一、重点短语
  1. have free time有空闲时间
  2.allow sb. to do sth. 允许某人做某事
  3. hang out with sb. 与某人闲逛
  4. after-school classes课外活动课
  5. get into a fight with sb. 与某人吵架/打架
  6. until midnight直到半夜
  7.talk to sb. 与某人交谈
  8. too many太多
  9. study too much学得过多
  10.get enough sleep有足够的睡眠
  11. write sb. a letter给某人写信
  12.call sb. up打电话给某人
  13. surprise sb. 令某人惊讶
  14.look through翻看
  15. be angry with sb. 生某人的气
  16. abig deal重要的事
  17. work out成功地发展;解决
  18. get on with和睦相处;关系良好
  19. fight a lot经常吵架/打架
  20. hang over笼罩
  21.refuse to do sth. 拒绝做某事
  22. offer to do sth. 主动提出做某事
  23. so that以便
  24.mind sb. doing sth. 介意某人做某事
  25. all the time一直
  26. in future今后
  27.make sb. angry使某人生气
  28. worry about sth. 担心某事
  29. copy one’ s homework抄袭某人的作业
  30. beoneself做自己
  31. family members
  32. spend time alone独自消磨时光
  33.give sb. pressure给某人施压
  34. have a fight with sb. 与某人吵架
  35. compete with sb. 与某人竞争
  36. free time activities业余活动
  37. get better grades取得更好的成绩
  38. give one’ s opinion提出某人的观点
  39. learn exam skills学习应试技巧
  40.practice sports体育训练
  41. cause stress造成压力
  42.cut out删除
  二、重点句型
  1. I studied until mid night last night so I did n’tgetenough sleep.
  我昨晚学习到半夜所以睡眠不足。
  2. Why don 't you forge t about it?你为什么不忘掉它呢?
  3. Although she ’ s wrong , i t ' s not a big deal.
  虽然她错了,但这并不是什么大事儿。
  4. He should talk to his friend so that he can say he’ssorry.
  他应该跟朋友谈谈以便他能说声对不起。
  5. May be you could go to his house.也许你可以去他家。
  6. I guess I could, but I don’t want to surprise him.
  我想我可以.但我不想让他感到惊讶。
  

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